California Juniper (Juniperus Californica, Carr.) -Conical or broad and open-headed tree, 20 to 40 feet high, with irregular, fluted trunk and twisted limbs. Bark thin, pale grey, hanging in loose plate-like scales. Wood soft, fine grained, reddish brown, durable in soil. Leaves in threes, on older twigs, thick keeled, set close to twig, pale yellow-green; on new shoots, linear, pale lined, spiny, spreading. Flowers, January to March, monoecious, in scaly aments. Fruits ripe second season, oblong or round, 1/2 to 3/4 inch long, brown, with pale bloom; seeds 1 to 2, large. Preferred habitat, dry plains and slopes of mountains. Distribution, coast mountains from the lower Sacramento Valley to Lower California; east into Sierra Nevada. Uses: Wood for posts and for fuel. Fruit eaten by Indians. Locally planted to some extent on semiarid land.